How To Administer a Nebulizer Treatment Step-by-Step Instructions
The following steps are recommended when giving a treatment. However, always consult your physician for specific instructions.
- Gather supplies needed, including:
Medication to be nebulized
Nebulizer kit (nebulizer cup, mouthpiece or mask, tubing to connect to compressor machine)
- If a treatment needs to be given to a child, have your child do a quiet activity (i.e., reading a book or playing a quiet game).
- Place the compressor on a flat surface (i.e., table or the floor).
- Plug the compressor into a wall outlet.
- Connect the air tubing to the compressor machine.
- Put the medication into the nebulizer cup and screw the cap on securely.
- Connect the other end of the air tubing to the nebulizer cup.
- Connect the mouthpiece or face mask to the nebulizer cup.
- Turn the compressor on.
- Check to make sure a fine mist of medication is coming through the face mask or mouthpiece.
Mouthpiece: Place the mouthpiece in your mouth with the lips sealed around the mouthpiece. Take slow deep breaths in and out of your mouth. The mist should “disappear” with each breath.
Face Mask: Place the mask over your child’s mouth and nose. The adjustable elastic band may be used to hold the mask in place. Encourage your child to take deep breaths in and out for the duration of the treatment.
- Continue slow, deep breaths until all the medication in the nebulizer cup is gone. You may need to tap the sides of the nebulizer cup to ensure all medication is given.
- Turn the compressor off.
- If the treatment plan orders peak flow measurements, obtain these before the treatment starts and after the treatment is completed.
- Disconnect the nebulizer cup from the tubing.
- Open the nebulizer cup and wash all pieces in a mild dish soap and water. (Do not wash or rinse tubing.)
- Rinse all pieces.
- Air dry on a clean towel.
- Store the dried nebulizer cup and tubing in a plastic bag
Notes for Parents
- Stay with your child throughout the nebulizer treatment.
- If your child should vomit or have a severe coughing spell during the treatment, stop the treatment, let the child rest for a few minutes and then resume the treatment.
- Check the filter on the compressor machine once a week. When it becomes discolored, replace with a new filter.
- Always keep a spare nebulizer kit at home. When you are down to your last two kits, contact Care Connection Plus to re-order by phone at 1-800-919-3942.